Learn the series of events that led to the Holocaust and related events that occurred during this period..
January 30: Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany.
March 5: Hitler receives strong vote of confidence from German people in Reichstag elections.
March 24: Reichstag gives Hitler power to enact laws on its behalf.
April 7: Jews barred from German civil service.
April 25: Number of Jewish children admitted to German schools and universities reduced.
May 10: Books by Jews and opponents of Nazism burned publicly.
October 19: Germany withdraws from League of Nations.
August 3: Hitler declares himself president and chancellor of the Third Reich after death of Paul von Hindenburg.
January 13: Saar region annexed by Germany.
March 16: Hitler violates Versailles Treaty by renewing compulsory military draft in Germany.
March 17: German army enters Rhineland.
September 15: Nuremberg Laws deprive Jews of German citizenship.
March 3: Jewish doctors no longer permitted to practice in government institutions in Germany.
March 7: Jews no longer have the right to participate in German elections. German army reoccupies Rhineland.
August 1: Olympic Games open in Berlin. Signs reading "Jews Not Welcome" are temporarily removed from most public places by Hitler's orders.
July 16: Buchenwald concentration camp opens.
November 16: Jews can obtain passports for travel outside of Germany only in special cases.
March 13: Austria annexed by Germany.
July 23: German government announces Jews must carry identification cards.
November 7: Attempt made by Herschel Grynszpan to assassinate German diplomat in Paris.
November 9: Kristallnacht, Night of Broken Glass, anti-Jewish riots in Germany and Austria, takes place.
November 12: German Jews ordered to pay one billion Reichsmarks in reparations for damages of Kristallnacht.
November 15: All Jewish children expelled from German schools.
March 15: Germany occupies Czechoslovakia.
August 23: Soviet-German Pact signed.
September 7: German army invades Poland. World War II begins.
November 28: First Polish ghetto established.
April 9: German army occupies Denmark and southern Norway.
May 10: Germany invades Holland, Belgium, and France.
June 22: French army surrenders and signs armistice with Germany.
October 3: Anti-Jewish laws passed by Vichy Government in France.
November 15: Warsaw Ghetto closed off approximately 500,000 inhabitants.
November 20: Hungary, Rumania, and Slovakia join the Axis.
May 15: Rumania passes law condemning adult Jews to forced labor.
June: Vichy Government revokes civil rights of French Jews in North Africa.
June 22: Germany invades Soviet Union.
December 8: Chelmno death camp opened near Lodz, Poland.
January 20: Wansee Conference begins.
June 1: Treblinka death camp opens.
July 28: Jewish fighting organization set up in Warsaw Ghetto.
October 4: All Jews still in concentration camps in Germany are sent to death camp at Auschwitz.
April 19: Warsaw Ghetto revolt begins.
June: Nazis order all ghettos in Poland and Soviet Union liquidated.
July 24: Revolt in Italy; Mussolini deposed.
August 2: Armed revolt in Treblinka death camp.
October 2: Order for the expulsion of Danish Jews. Through rescue operations of Danish undergound, 7000 Jews evacuated to Sweden; only 475 people captured by Germans.
October 14: Armed revolt in Sobibor death camp.
March 19: German army invades Hungary.
May 15: Deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz begins.
June 6: Allied invasion of Normandy.
July 20: Group of German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler.
July 24: Russians liberate Maidanek death camp.
January 17: Evacuation of Auschwitz; prisoners begin death march.
April: Russian army enters Germany from east; Allied army enters from the west.
April 30: Hitler commits suicide.
May 8: Germany surrenders.
November: Nuremberg Trials begin.
December: Adolf Eichmann executed in Israel.
February: Legislation passed in Germany to allow prosecution of Nazi war criminals to be extended for additional 20-year-period.
May: Klaus Barbie trial begins in Lyons, France.