By 1939, the schools were closed for Jewish children, the synagogues were closed, and the business were closed. Jews were not allowed to have any businesses. Getting food was difficult and had to be smuggled in. The penalty was death. The Germans took able-bodied men and boys for forced labor. Everyone lived in fear.
On Tuesday, January 20, 1942, a meeting was called by Reinhard Heydrich, head of the security police and secret service. It was held at Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin. In attendance were 14 key representatives of the Nazi Party, the SS and the government bureaucracy. They met for 90 minutes, and by the end of the meeting had been told the details of the plan for implementation of the Final Solution, by which the Jewish race would be eradicated.