Nathan Schaeffer was born in New York City and was serving in the U.S. Army when following Liberation he was sent to Buchenwald Concentration Camp. The Germans living nearby the camp claimed not to know what had gone on. Yet, the terrible odor of rotting flesh reached for five miles beyond camp. A big, wired fence and machine gun posts surrounded the area. Several hundred bodies were piled on a wagon ready for the furnace. Schaeffer learned that when prisoners couldn't work any longer, they were taken to crematoriums. The U.S. Army tried to feed them. The prisoners' fear of superiors was great. Pictures were printed in U.S. newspapers and there was shock and outrage. "No battlefield smelled or looked as terrifying as a concentration camp. We must record what went on, in textbooks, so that never again in the history of mankind can any group or country or individual deny that there was a Holocaust, or let it happen again."