Cheraw State Park was the first state park built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Formerly used as farm land, the park was acquired in 1934 during the Depression, so the land could be rehabilitated for people to enjoy swimming, cabins, and more. Many of the structures were built with natural materials. The CCC worked up until 1942-43 unitl World War II forced many to join the military.
The park has wildlife that includes the federally endangered Woodpecker. These birds live in pine trees that are over 60 years old. The woodpeckers like to peck the resin wells. Sap flows from these wells to protect the cavity for any predator that wants to climb the tree.