December Factoids

December

Dates below are from the December 2017 calendar.*

These factoids were compiled by Imani-Grace King, 2017 ETV Endowment Intern (Digital Media/Knowitall)

1

On December 1, 1955  tried seamstress, Rosa Parks, refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama. She was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance.

In December 1994, Ernest A. Finney Jr. became a South Carolina Chief Justice. Only one other African-American, Jasper Wright, has served on the state Supreme Court (during Reconstruction).

2

On December 2, 1923 Maria Callas was born. She was a brilliant soprano, she sang French, German and Italian opera and possessed a remarkable range characterized by fast and high singing with trills.

5

On December 5, 1861, Federal forces occupy of Beaufort. The forces under General Stevens march triumphantly into the town of Beaufort.

On December 5, 1902 Senator Strom Thurmond was born. He was the longest-serving Republican member of Congress in U.S. history.

On December 5, 1912 Ira M. Koger was born. He was widely respected as a patron of the arts and devotes himself to cultural developments and events. He was inducted into South Carolina's Business Hall of Fame in 1989.

7

On December 7, 1941 surprise aerial attack on the U.S naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.

8

On December 8, 1864 Camille Claudel was born. She was known for her physical beauty, her ability to convey drama through marble and bronze, and for her deep understanding of the human form.

11

On December 11, 1861 a great fire swept through Charleston, destroying much of the city, and making the defense of the city even more difficult.

On December 11, 1934 Robert V. Royall was born. He was inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1997.

14

On December 14, 1782, the British withdrew from Charleston, taking with them 4,000 South Carolina Loyalists who had gambled that the revolutionary patriots would not win--and had lost everything.  This was called the Battle of Eutaw Springs.

17

on December 17, 1860 South Carolinians met at the First Baptist Church in Columbia to determined to end their membership in the United States in protest against the election of Abraham Lincoln, a Republican sworn to end the expansion of slavery into the territories.

18

On Decempber 18, 1937 Charles S. Way was born. He was inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 2005.

20

On December 20, 1960, graphic artist, Jean Michel Basquiat was born. His graffiti stood out and told witty and poetic messages.

On December 20, 1860, the Ordinance of Secession was signed. This document marked the conclusion of a movement to declare Southern independence from a national government increasingly controlled by Northerners.

28

On December 28, 1834 Franklin G. Burroughs was born. He was inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1993.

31

On December 31, 1986, the city of Columbia bicentennial time capsule was sealed. It is to be opened March 22, 2036, on Columbia’s 250th birthday.

 

 

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