October Factoids


October 1-31

Visit the Knowitall blog for helpful information on using Knowitall all through the month!


October Observances:

Archaeology Month - View our new Archaeology Collection!

Domestic Violence Awareness Month

Health Literacy Month - View our Knowitall Healthy Collection!

Hispanic Heritage Month continues through October 15. View our Hispanic Heritage Collection

National Book Month – Visit Our Libraries, Literature & Learning Collection

National Bullying Prevention Month - View "Project Lead SC." Teenage girls face unique pressures every day. Between issues with bullying, body image, boys, friends and “frenemies,” life during that awkward transitional period can feel like it’s filled with challenges. Project Lead SC is a video series for young women that follows notable women in South Carolina to gather advice about what makes a successful leader. 

TeenTober - View the resources in the Libraries, Literature & Learning Collection and see what may be of interest to teens you know and love!



October 2, 1869 is the birthday of Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi. He was born in Porbandar, India. Gandhi was famous world-wide for his devout lifestyle, and for non-violent resistance, which ended British rule in India. (Periscope)

On October 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African American associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Serving until 1991, he was known for opposing discrimination, and the death penalty. Marshall also championed civil liberties and free speech. (Road Trip)

International Day of Non-Violence

MFG Day (Manufacturing Day) 



On October 3, 1935, Charles Moss "Charlie" Duke Jr. was born. He was one of the twelve people to walk on the Moon, and did so on the historic Apollo 16 mission in 1972. (S.C. Hall Of Fame)



Fire Prevention Week – Oct. 4-10, 2020

World Space Week – Oct. 4 -10, 2020



National Child Health Day 

Topics include:


World Habitat Day

The United Nations designated the first Monday of October of every year as World Habitat Day to reflect on the state of our towns and cities, and on the basic right of all to adequate shelter. The Day is also intended to remind the world that we all have the power and the responsibility to shape the future of our cities and towns. "Solutions begin with small steps individuals can take to alter the way our cities function. We must reduce the amount of waste we produce, and, at the same time, start seeing it as a valuable resource that can be re-used and recycled, including for energy." — UN Secretary-General António Guterres


World Teacher's Day - A day for appreciating teachers for their special contributions to education. 

Let your favorite teacher know how special he or she is and how much you appreciate his or her decision to go into education!  Say thank you!

Learn something new every day from Knowitall.org and make your teacher proud! 


On October 5, 1959, Maya Lin was born. She is an American designer and artist who is known for her work in sculpture and land art. (Artopia)



October 7, 1780: During the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution, the Battle of Kings Mountain took place. A thousand patriot militia men, known as the "Over The Mountain Men," surrounded and attacked the British troops and Loyalist soldiers, led by Major Patrick Ferguson. This battle would become a major victory and turn the tides for the patriots. (Southern Campaign Of The American Revolution)



International Day of the Girl

View these Series & Collections that place the spotlight on women who have made a difference!





On October 11, 1852, George Watt Park was born. He was inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1988 for his successful business, George W Park Seed Company, Inc. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)

On October 11, 1918, Jerome Robbins was born. He is recipient of numerous awards including two Academy Awards, four Tony Awards, two Emmy Awards, Kennedy Center Honors, and the Screen Directors' Guild Award. (Artopia)



Indigenous People’s Day (Native American Day) - Oct. 12

Columbus Day - U.S holiday that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus in the New World on October 12, 1492. (Periscope)

National Farmer’s Day – Oct. 12



On October 13, 1933, Gayle O. Averyt was born. Averyt served as chairman of the Colonial Life & Accident Insurance Company, and was a leader in the development of the Republican Party in South Carolina and inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1998. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)



On October 16, 1888, Eugene O'Neill was born. This playwright revolutionized the American theater with his tragedies, setting the path for other influential playwrights. (Artopia)



October 17-25, 1944: During the Pacific Theater of World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf took place off the Phillippine Islands. 216 U.S. warships faced off against 64 Japanese ships, and resulted in the destruction of the Japanese navy. (South Carolinians In WW II)



America’s Safe Schools Week 

Keep It Real (for ages 14 and up)

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

Teens learn about the real-life consequences of trauma-related incidents and how they can be avoided.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

Young people are shown exactly what happens to a patient during a visit to the ER after a trauma-related incident.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

The Keep It Real team meets a teen, Wimberly, and her family, who have had first-hand experience with a trauma-related incident.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

Keep It Real shows teens the after-effects and consequences of a reckless trauma-related incident.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

The Keep It Real team is taken to the morgue, where they learn that many teens who are involved in trauma related accidents never make it home to their families.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

Keep It Real looks at shootings and homicides in relation to teenagers, and the Keep It Real teens begin to discuss their reactions to the experience.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

The Keep It Real teens discuss their final thoughts after the Keep It Real experience.

Produced and Hosted by Joshua and Brandon

Our video gives teenagers a brief look at the legal consequences of risky behavior. We show the DUI booking process at the Lexington County Sheriff’s Department and speak to Michael McMullin, a lawyer who has seen how crimes affect kids’ lives. We decided that most teens haven’t really been taught about the consequences that come from their actions. Our hope is that this program will give them a brief look at what might happen to them, and therefore encourage good decision-making.

Due to the graphic nature of this program, viewer discretion is advised.

Written and Directed by Mary Katherine

I decided to make my film about the consequences of actions that some teens make. It shows what can happen when people make reckless choices about their lives. It stars my sister, Sara, as a reckless teenager. It shows the different choices she makes and how each can have a fatal result.

Recently there has been an uproar over gang activity among students on the streets mostly but also inside the hallways in the South Carolina area.


Reading Safety and Internet Safety Minutes

Reading makes you cool!

Officer Marlo McCann reviews why NOT to approach a stranger.

Officer Marlo McCann explains what can happen if you send a threatening email or text.

Find one of the benefits of reading and being smart in this short video.

Officer Andre Offing explains what to do when provoked by a kidnapper.

Officer Andre Offing explains why not to believe profiles on the internet.


Safe Students Safe Schools

Produced by ETV, these short dramatizations are part of the Partnership Training for Law Enforcement and Education course and can be used with students to initiate discussion. Teachers are advised to preview these videos for scenes and content that may not be appropriate for use in their classroom. 


Safety City

Presented by the SC Department of Public Safety and ETV, these short programs are designed to provide a safety message to young students and may be used for older children, especially special education students. 

This lesson covers what to do if your house is on fire and what to do if the room has smoke in it. Students will also learn when it's safe to exit a room and what to tell the 911 operator.

This lesson covers the three things you must do before crossing the street. Pedestrian Crosswalk signs, were to walk when walking along a road and what to wear while walking is also covered.

This lesson covers how to approach a bus, when to board a bus and why it's important to look both ways before boarding the bus.


Youth Services

This interactive workshop will explore new trends in underage alcohol use. Current information on teen alcohol use will be presented, along with a review of emerging products. Participants will analyze a variety of products and examine advertisers’ role in marketing alcoholic beverages to youth to enable understanding of the scope of underage drinking both locally and nationally, 

Addresses the dangers for teen drivers involved with texting. Other safety tips are discussed.


Safety Collection | Knowitall Healthy! (view additional resources below)

 Crystal Ball Cruise is a program to provide safe transportation to and from prom nights in the area. 

Find out about a paramedic's career and how this Helper assists in emergency situations.

South Carolina continues to rank at the top when it comes to domestic violence and women killed by men. Research shows teenagers are also experiencing abuse, but have less protection when it comes to the law.

Program provides a definition of human trafficking. View the FULL series on Palmetto Scene on the SCETV website.

*If you believe you know of someone who may be a victim of human trafficking, please contact local law enforcement or the NHTRC (National Human 



National Friends of Libraries Week



National School Bus Safety Week  -

This lesson covers how to approach a bus, when to board a bus and why it's important to look both ways before boarding the bus.



National Pharmacy Technician Day – Oct. 20



On October 21, 1917, jazz great Dizzy Gillespie (born as John Birks Gillespie) was born in Cheraw, South Carolina. Known for his puffed cheeks and bent trumpet, he was a trumpet player, composer, band leader, and one of the founding fathers of modern jazz. (Carolina Stories)

On October 21, 1925, Celia Cruz was born. She won the Grammy Award for Best Tropical Latin Album in 1989 and was awarded the prestigious National Medal of Arts by President Bill Clinton in 1994. (Artopia)



Mole Day

A day on which we hope to encourage interest in chemistry. 

Additional profiles on chemists are available by searching “chemist” or simply click here


National Paralegal Day – Oct. 23


On October 23, 1883, Archibald Rutledge was born. He was named South Carolina's first Poet Laureate and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. (S.C. Hall Of Fame)





On October 25, 1881, Pablo Picasso was born. He is said to have set the tone for all modern art in the 20th century. (Artopia)



Media Literacy Week - Oct. 26-30 
Be sure to explore these resources related to Media Literacy!

In Artopia: Media Arts: Be A Media Critic, take a closer look at types of media like photography, radio, film, and television.

For more information on Media Literacy, visit these websites: Media Literacy Clearinghouse and NAMLE (National Association for Media Literacy Education).



On October 26, 1757, Charles Pinckney was born. He is one of the oldest and most historically distinguished names in South Carolina. (Forgotten Founder)



National First Responders Day 

Emergency/Medical Care




Make a Difference Day -  A day dedicated to making a difference in someone else's life. Check our Career Education page to see the various ways you can make a difference!



National Cat Day – Oct. 29



Halloween - Explore ghosts, legends and lore from South Carolina's past in our Ghosts & Legends of South Carolina series!

Carolina Stories

We have some great ghost stories that will captivate your students! From Alice of the Hermitage to Bubba, from Lizard Man to Stumphouse Tunnel, these stories will “shiver your timbers!”



These factoids were compiled by Imani-Grace King, 2017 ETV Endowment Intern.

Updated by Andrew Davis, Media Production Assistant, 2018. (Digital Media/Knowitall)

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