Charles Pinckney (1757-1824)
A co-signer of the Constitution who served as South Carolinas 37th Governor, and as a Senator and member of the House of Representatives. Pinckney's role in the Constitutional Convention is controversial. Although one of the youngest delegates, he later claimed to have been the most influential one and contended he had submitted a draft that was the basis of the final Constitution. (National Archives)
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826):
The third President of the United States and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. As a political philosopher, promoted republicanism in the form of states rights and limited federal government.
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1746-1825)
The eldest son of a prominent planter and second cousin to Charles Pinckney. A veteran colonel of the Revolutionary War, Pinckney served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and eventually as a Federalist candidate for president in 1804 and 1808.
James Madison (1751-1836)
As a principle author, framer, and signer of the Constitution, Madison's philosophical principles earned him the name, "The Father of the Constitution." Served as Secretary of State to Thomas Jefferson, and fourth President of the United States (1809-1817).
John Quincy Adams (1767-1848)
Son of John Adams, the second President of the United States, John Quincy Adams served as a Congressman and sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. Adams was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties.
James Monroe (1758-1831)
One of the last founding fathers to serve as president, Monroe served two terms from 1817 to 1825 as the fifth President of the United States. Monroe studied law under Thomas Jefferson before serving in the Continental Congress. He opposed ratification of the United States Constitution as an Anti-Federalist.
Eliza Lucas Pinckney (1723-1793)
Daughter of a sugar baron in the West Indies, Eliza Lucas Pinckney was instrumental in establishing indigo as one of the most important cash crops of colonial South Carolina. As the Pinckney family's planting wealth grew, so did its political dynasty in the form of her sons Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Federalist Party leader, and Thomas Pinckney, future governor of South Carolina.
Thomas Pinckney (1750-1828)
A veteran captain of the Revolutionary War, Thomas Pinckney was a lawyer, planter, and politician who eventually served as Governor of South Carolina from 1787-1789. Pinckney served as a diplomat to Spain from 1795-1796, in the US House of Representatives from 1797-1801, and eventually was commissioned as a major general in the US Army during the War of 1812. After the war, Pinckney returned to plantation life along the Santee River.
- 4.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the identity of a new nation, including the state of South Carolina between 17301800.