Reflections of Columbia, Part 3 - Columbia Enters The 20th Century | Carolina Stories
After Reconstruction, the local business community thrived in the 1880s. Horse-drawn trollies became common-place in the streets of Columbia, and the Columbia Canal was completed in 1882. “Mill villages” just South of Columbia increased with the number of textile mills popping up around the city. The late 1800s saw the creation of two Columbias: One being the White Main Street area, and African-Americans had business districts around Benedict College, in the Harden Street area. Despite the negativity of Jim Crow laws, there were some benefits for the Black community living in Columbia. The concept of parallel socio-economic development became an established way of life for both communities.