Hosts Ellen Rodillo-Fowler and Nathan Dawson guide viewers through this edition of Palmetto Heritage, which spotlights three significant South Carolina figures: Thomas Sumter (The Fighting Gamecock), Francis Marion (The Swamp Fox), and Andrew Pickens (The Wizard Owl) – all venerated heroes of the American Revolutionary War. By 1780, chances of a patriot victory seemed slim. After Charleston fell in May of that year, the British felt that sweeping South Carolina’s upcountry, mostly populated by farmers, would be easy. However, the efforts of Sumter, Marion, and Pickens, stalled the British advance, and turned the tide of the war in favor of victory.
Andrew Pickens was already an established South Carolina figure before the Revolutionary War. Pickens earned the nick-name “The Wizard Owl,” for his smarts and negotiation skills during the Anglo-Cherokee War. Pickens originally promised not to fight the British, as per the agreement of his pardon, however after British troops harassed his family and burned his home, Pickens reneged, and took up arms against the British, even recruiting many militiamen to his side. Pickens played a crucial role during the Battle of Cowpens – a decisive Patriot victory, seen as the turning point of the Revolutionary War in the South.
- 4.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the identity of a new nation, including the state of South Carolina between 17301800.
- 8.2 Demonstrate an understanding of how South Carolinians and Americans created a revolutionary form of government during the period of 1757 1815.