This segment focuses on the actions of the state legislature in South Carolina, led by Governor George Bell Timmerman, to pass laws making it illegal to belong to the NAACP. Teachers in Elloree refused to comply with this law and were fired, leading to a powerful moment captured by Cecil Williams where educators stood together, defying the authorities. The segment also emphasizes the courage of individuals, such as Gloria Rackley, who risked their jobs, safety, and economic stability for the greater good by being part of the civil rights movement. Gloria Rackley, an influential NAACP member, successfully overturned unfair treatment of Black teachers in the state, ensuring they had equal contracts and job protection. The importance of preserving this history and the legacy of those who fought for civil rights is underscored by Williams' role as the chronicler of the Orangeburg movement.