Best known for her fierce stance on behalf of civil rights in South Carolina, the successful businesswoman served as NAACP State Secretary during the 1950s. The Columbia native Mrs. Simkins was educated at Benedict College and later taught mathematics at Booker T. Washington High School.
As an officer of the NAACP she helped to raise funds, assisted with publicity and helped develop strategies for the civil rights cases. She also helped establish chapters throughout South Carolina.
- This indicator was designed to promote inquiry into military and economic policies during World War II, to include the significance of military bases in South Carolina. This indicator was also developed to foster inquiry into postwar economic developments and demographic changes, to include the immigration of Jewish refugees following the Holocaust.