Born in Sumter, and reared in Columbia, the Honorable Willie T. Smith was at the forefront of the civil rights movement in South Carolina. He served on the NAACP legal team that included Harvey Gantt's integration of Clemson College (University).
He served as cooperating attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. He worked with the Whittenburg v. School District of Greenville County which desegregated public schools in the county. He represented James Peterson in the lunch counter sit-in case that ultimately went to the U.S. Supreme Court and ended segregation of lunch counters in America.
- This indicator was designed to promote inquiry into military and economic policies during World War II, to include the significance of military bases in South Carolina. This indicator was also developed to foster inquiry into postwar economic developments and demographic changes, to include the immigration of Jewish refugees following the Holocaust.