Susan Pringle Frost, a mentor to the Pollitzer sisters, was the founder of the Charleston Equal Suffrage League. Anita Pollitzer went to work for that National American Women Suffrage Association. While there, she befriends Alice Paul, one of America’s most prominent figures for women’s suffrage in America. Paul was influenced by the more radical British suffragists, and her experiences in England fueled her advocacy for suffrage in America. Paul broke away from the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) to form the more militant National Woman’s Party (NWP). The NWP was publicly chastised in America for putting women’s rights before war efforts during World War I. In 1919, the NWP led a campaign by train to urge political leaders to support women’s suffrage; Anita Pollitzer made sure the campaign’s first stop was Charleston, SC.
Leaders throughout the U.S. became horrified at the horrendous treatment NWP suffragists went through in prison. This helped change President Woodrow Wilson’s stance on women’s suffrage, and endorsed the vote for women. Anita Pollitzer was sent to Tennessee to urge state representative Harry Burn to vote for the 19th Amendment’s ratification. The vote in Tennessee passed, and the 19th Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920. The right to vote could no longer be denied on basis of sex. Unfortunately, South Carolina would not ratify the 19th Amendment until 1969.
- 8-5 The student will understand the impact of Reconstruction, industrialization, and Progressivism on society and politics in South Carolina in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
- 8-5.0 During the periods of Reconstruction, industrial expansion, and the Progressive movement, South Carolina searched for ways to revitalize its economy while maintaining its traditional society. To understand South Carolinas experience as representa...
- USHC-4 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the industrial development and the consequences of that development on society and politics during the second half of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries.
- USHC-4.0 Political democracy depends upon the active participation of individuals working through political and economic-interest groups to protect their welfare. To understand how groups in the past have protected their rights, the student will utiliz...
- USHC.3 Demonstrate an understanding of how innovation and industrialization impacted demographic change, reform movements, and American identity from 18621924.
- USHC.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between economic and continental expansion and the evolving disagreements over natural rights and federalism from 18031877.
- 8.3 Demonstrate an understanding of conflict and compromise in South Carolina, the Southern region, and the United States as a result of sectionalism between the period 18161865.
- 4.5 Demonstrate an understanding of the contributions different groups made to impact the economic, political, and social developments during Reconstruction of the United States and South Carolina in the period of 1860 1880.