Beginning in 1899, the Poppenheim sisters published a monthly magazine called The Keystone. The magazine pointed out the manner in which the Confederate “Lost Cause” movement celebrated the Confederacy and suffused White middle and upper class society. This club movement by both Black and White middle class women were parallel; out of this particular movement came offshoots which dealt with suffrage. Marion Bernie Wilkinson of Charleston, SC became the most important Black club woman in the state. Wilkinson founded the SC Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs in 1909, which becomes an important organization in the state. Wilkinson was also active in the National Association of Colored Women, and very involved in a network of Black professional women who led reform efforts in cities across the U.S.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the national movement for women’s suffrage surged ahead. The day before President Woodrow Wilson’s first inauguration, a parade held in Washington, D.C. brought new inspiration and attention to the call for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote. This led to a new generation of South Carolina women to advocate for the vote.
- 8-5 The student will understand the impact of Reconstruction, industrialization, and Progressivism on society and politics in South Carolina in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
- 8-5.0 During the periods of Reconstruction, industrial expansion, and the Progressive movement, South Carolina searched for ways to revitalize its economy while maintaining its traditional society. To understand South Carolinas experience as representa...
- USHC-4 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the industrial development and the consequences of that development on society and politics during the second half of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries.
- USHC-4.0 Political democracy depends upon the active participation of individuals working through political and economic-interest groups to protect their welfare. To understand how groups in the past have protected their rights, the student will utiliz...
- USHC.3 Demonstrate an understanding of how innovation and industrialization impacted demographic change, reform movements, and American identity from 18621924.
- 8.3 Demonstrate an understanding of conflict and compromise in South Carolina, the Southern region, and the United States as a result of sectionalism between the period 18161865.
- 4.5 Demonstrate an understanding of the contributions different groups made to impact the economic, political, and social developments during Reconstruction of the United States and South Carolina in the period of 1860 1880.
- 4.5.E Analyze multiple perspectives of the economic, political, and social effects of Reconstruction on different populations in the South and in other regions of the U.S.
- 4.5.CC Identify and evaluate the impact of economic, political, and social events on the African American experience throughout Reconstruction.