In the early twentieth century, a trio of sisters from Charleston, SC, known as the Pollitzer sisters (Carrie, Mabel, and Anita) embraced the opportunities for social reform. The Pollitzers came from a prominent, wealthy Jewish family, who were active members of Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim, the birthplace of Reform Judaism in America. The Pollitzer sisters, inspired by their father, actively took part in reform movements at the local and national levels, at a time when the Jewish community was not supporting suffrage. By moving within the art and political circles in the Jewish community, the Pollitzer sisters were able to gain momentum with their suffrage movement in Charleston. Carrie Pollitzer was crucial in getting the College of Charleston to admit women. Mabel Pollitzer opened Charleston’s first public library, and taught biology at Memminger High School for over forty years. Anita, the youngest of the Pollitzers, studied art at Columbia University in New York. While there, she befriended a young Georgia O’Keeffe, who was an unknown artist at that time. Although Anita spent most of her life outside of Charleston, she became one of South Carolina’s most well-known suffragists.
- 8-5 The student will understand the impact of Reconstruction, industrialization, and Progressivism on society and politics in South Carolina in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
- 8-5.0 During the periods of Reconstruction, industrial expansion, and the Progressive movement, South Carolina searched for ways to revitalize its economy while maintaining its traditional society. To understand South Carolinas experience as representa...
- USHC-4 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the industrial development and the consequences of that development on society and politics during the second half of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries.
- USHC-4.0 Political democracy depends upon the active participation of individuals working through political and economic-interest groups to protect their welfare. To understand how groups in the past have protected their rights, the student will utiliz...
- USHC.3 Demonstrate an understanding of how innovation and industrialization impacted demographic change, reform movements, and American identity from 18621924.
- USHC.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between economic and continental expansion and the evolving disagreements over natural rights and federalism from 18031877.
- 8.3 Demonstrate an understanding of conflict and compromise in South Carolina, the Southern region, and the United States as a result of sectionalism between the period 18161865.
- 4.5 Demonstrate an understanding of the contributions different groups made to impact the economic, political, and social developments during Reconstruction of the United States and South Carolina in the period of 1860 1880.