The troops of the U.S. Army at Fort Sumter surrendered to the Confederacy on April 14, but within the year a larger force had established a permanent military footing along the South Carolina coast. The bombardment of Port Royal in early November 1861 paved the way for the occupation of the best harbor in the South, and the surrounding countryside. Thirteen thousand troops poured into Hilton Head, Beaufort, and Port Royal, and for the next four years, occupied that section of the state. The Union navy used that base and patrolled all the coast from Georgetown to Florida. Engraving by S.V. Hunt.
Courtesy of the South Caroliniana Library.