Pinckney, Eliza Lucas | South Carolina Public Radio


“P” is for Pinckney, Eliza Lucas [ca. 1722-1793]. Planter. Matriarch. Born in the West Indies, Eliza Lucas moved to South Carolina with her family in the 1730s. In 1739, her father returned to the West Indies, leaving her in charge of Wappoo Plantation. He instructed her to construct an indigo “works” at Wappoo. In the fifth year of experimentation, the plantation could make use of its own seed supply and produced a crop worthy of marketing. In 1744 she married Charles Pinckney. The couple had four children, including the future Founding Father Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and the future governor Thomas Pinckney. After Charles’s death in 1758, Eliza Lucas Pinckney readjusted to the role of directing plantations and spent increasingly more time with her daughter Harriott Horry’s family at Hampton Plantation on the Santee River.