Great Wagon Road, The | South Carolina Public Radio


“G” is for the Great Wagon Road. The Great Wagon Road stretched for almost eight hundred miles from Philadelphia west to York and Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and thence south through Virginia into the Carolina backcountry. The road diverged in South Carolina, with one branch going toward Camden and another toward Ninety Six and the road’s southern terminus at Augusta. The road originated as an Indian trail—the “Warrior’s Path”--that, after 1744, developed into the Great Wagon Road. Thousands of Scots-Irish and German immigrants left Pennsylvania, traveling on foot, by horseback, and in Conestoga wagons. They rapidly populated the Carolina backcountry in the decades prior to the American Revolution. The Great Wagon Road was among the most heavily traveled in British North America, making it one of the most important frontier movement trails in United States history.