South Carolina has played an important role in space exploration. Charles Duke, who grew up in Lancaster, S.C., walked on the moon in 1972. Charles Bolden, who grew up in Columbia, served as pilot on the Shuttle Columbia in January 1986. Ron McNair of Lake City, S.C. lost his life in the Shuttle Challenger explosion on January 28, 1986. South Carolina's youngest astronaut, Frank Culbertson, grew up in Holly Hill, S.C.
- 5.4 Demonstrate an understanding of the conflicts, innovations, and social changes in the United States, including South Carolina, from 19501980.
- 8.5 Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of world events on South Carolina and the United States from 1929 to present.