Saddam Hussein’s elite Republican Guard forces were on the run from American and British Army armored divisions. After the allied victory at the Battle of Medina Ridge, Saddam was afraid that the allies would push forward into Baghdad. President George H.W. Bush, in agreement with Colin Powell (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), declared a ceasefire on February 28, 1991. While Saddam Hussein was allowed to remain in power until the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the allied victory in the Persian Gulf War allowed the American military to regain its confidence after the Vietnam War.
- 5.5.CO Compare and contrast the focus of the U.S. as a world leader before and after the September 11, 2001, attacks.
- 5.5.CC Analyze the continuities and changes in U.S. relationships with countries around the world as a result of the economic, political, and social changes in this period.
- 5.5.E Analyze multiple perspectives on the economic, political, and social effects of global interdependence after 1980 using primary and secondary sources.