Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Once used as a fortified blockhouse and an Indian trading post, this building and the nearby Richard's House, built in 1805, survived from a time when these foothills were part of the Indian frontier. The Richard's House is believed to be the first brick house in northwestern South Carolina. It served as a stagecoach stop in the early 1800's and is listed on the National Historic Register. The scenic Station Cove Falls is located down a 1 mile hiking trail. The variety of flora and fauna of this area are typical of the Appalachian Mountains.

Type
Beaver | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Beaver | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

• Castor canadiensis • Largest rodent in North America • Chiefly nocturnal • Rich, brown, waterproof fur • Huge front teeth • Large webbed hind feet and powerful hind legs • Naked, scaly, paddle...
Bellwort | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Bellwort | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Uvularia perfoli • Height 4 - 7 cm (1 - 3 inches) • Common woodland wildflower • Drooping, bright yellow, bell-shaped flowers • Belongs to Lily family • Perfoliate leaves • Stem appears to pierce...
Black Chinnedred Salamander | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Black Chinnedred Salamander | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

• Pseudotriton ruber • Red salamander with heavy black pigment under the chin • Tail is spotted almost to the tip • Bulging eyes • Smooth skin • Lives in cool, moist habitats under stones, mosses and...
Black Rock Moss | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Black Rock Moss | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Genus Lycopodium Succulent herb Primary moss in succession Rose pink star-like flowers Four petaled flowers in terminal clusters Contains distinct stem with simple leaves Oblong glaucous leaves Fruit...
Blue Cohosh | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Blue Cohosh | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Blue Cohosh • Cimicifuga racemosa • Related to Mayapple • Large plant with clusters of small flowers • No petals • Numerous stamens in a tuft • Single pistil • Blue fruit • Unpleasant odor repels...
Canada Violet | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Canada Violet | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

• Viola canadensis • Related to northern violets • Fragrant flower • Flowers are white inside, purple-tinged outside with yellow base • Heart-shaped, finally-toothed leaves • Slender purple stalks •...
Downy Yellow Violet | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Downy Yellow Violet | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Viola pubescens Also known as Halberd-leafed Violet Distinctive hairy plant Leaves and flowers grow on the same stalk Wide, heart-shaped, hairy, scallop-toothed leaves Yellow flowers Dark line on...
Dwarf Isis | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Dwarf Isis | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Iris cristata Grows up to 15 inches tall Cold, hardy perennial The name Iris means Rainbow Smaller than cultivated Irises Three blue petals Thick, bushy beards on lower blossom petals Prefers sunny...
False Turkey Tail | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
False Turkey Tail | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Stereum ostrea • Type of mushroom (Fungi) • More delicate, stiffer than true Turkey Tail • Spatula-shaped to fan-shaped in outline • Hairy upper surface • Tough leathery texture • Main body inside of...
Flowering Dogwood | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)
Flowering Dogwood | Appalachian Cove (S.C.)

Photo

Cornus florida Popular ornamental flowering tree Flowers succeeded by attractive, red, berry-like fruit Grows to 40 feet in height Deciduous Leaf veins curve inward towards leaf tips Leaves are...