The Battle of Cowpens has been called the "best planned battle of the Revolutionary War." "Bloody Tarleton" (see Banastre Tarleton), a fine British tactician, attempted to surprise a portion of Nathanael Greene's army, led by General Daniel Morgan, that had camped at the "Cow Pens" near the Broad River. But his early morning attack on January 17, 1781, met a well disciplined and well trained force of militia men. Tarleton lost nearly 900 men, and the morale of the backcountry soared. Many Loyalists now deserted from what they thought was hopeless cause.
Courtesy of the South Caroliniana Library.
- This indicator was developed to encourage inquiry into the process which led to the formation of the U.S. government, including the convening of the Continental Congresses, the passage of the Articles of Confederation, and the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.
- Political and economic developments underscored how the colonists in British North America had become uniquely American, prompting the development of a new nation. Drawing on their experience under British rule, the founding generation created a government with shared powers between the state and federal institutions.