Friendship Nine

The Friendship Nine consisted of a group of nine African American young men who were sent to jail after staging a sit-in at a segregated McCrory's lunch counter in Rock Hill, South Carolina in 1961.

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Jail, No Bail, Part 4 - Ernest J. Finney
Jail, No Bail, Part 4 - Ernest J. Finney

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Rev. Ivory, and James McCain, the South Carolina leader of CORE, arranged for a sharp, young attorney to represent and defend the student protesters: Ernest J. Finney. Finney would later on become the...
Jail, No Bail, Part 6 - March 2, 1961
Jail, No Bail, Part 6 - March 2, 1961

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The student prisoners were finally released, after serving twenty eight days, on March 2, 1961. The prisoners were released early, since prison officials wanted to keep publicity down. The success of...
Jail, No Bail, Part 5 - Life In Prison
Jail, No Bail, Part 5 - Life In Prison

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Life in jail for the student prisoners was grueling. News of these “jail-ins” had reached other civil rights groups, and caught the attention of SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee). SNCC...
Jail, No Bail, Part 3 - "Jail, No Bail"
Jail, No Bail, Part 3 - "Jail, No Bail"

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By the summer of 1960, civil rights leaders began to question the effectiveness of these “sit-ins.” Thomas Gaither, a field secretary for CORE (Congress of Racial Equality), along with other civil...
Jail, No Bail, Part 1 - Introduction
Jail, No Bail, Part 1 - Introduction

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In the 1950s and 1960s, Rock Hill, South Carolina, was a thriving mill town, also known as “The Gateway to the Carolinas.” Like most of the segregated South, there were two separate worlds: one black...
Jail, No Bail, Part 2 - February 12, 1960
Jail, No Bail, Part 2 - February 12, 1960

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If Rock Hill was a war-zone, the most pivotal battle was February 12, 1960. For months before that date, local churches, students, and members of the NAACP planned a mass sit-in protest at lunch...
Meet the Freedom Walkway Artists
Meet the Freedom Walkway Artists

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On January 31, 1961, civil rights history was made in South Carolina. African American students from Friendship Junior College walked a mile to stage a sit-in at a segregated lunch counter on Main...
Friendship Nine Member Talks About Jail, No Bail
Friendship Nine Member Talks About Jail, No Bail

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The Friendship Nine consisted of students from Friendship Junior College. These students are best known for their historic one-mile walk from Friendship Junior College to McCrory’s Variety Store on...
York County - McCrory's Civil Rights Sit-ins
York County - McCrory's Civil Rights Sit-ins

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This building, built in 1901, was occupied by McCrory's Five & Dime from 1937 to 1997. On February 12, 1960, black students from Friendship Jr. College in Rock Hill were denied service at the McCrory...