So what became of the once grand Cherokee nation? In 1830, the United States Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. The government of the United States wanted to move Native Americans from land in the southeast to "Indian Territory" in Oklahoma. The lands of the Cherokee and other tribes were valuable to white settlers who wanted to farm, hunt and graze animals. The Cherokee tried to live among the settlers, but the Indian Removal Act made their removal an act of law. The Trail of Tears began in 1838.
Painting by Robert Lindneux
- 4.3 Demonstrate an understanding of the expansion and growth of South Carolina and the United States between 18001850.
- 8.3 Demonstrate an understanding of conflict and compromise in South Carolina, the Southern region, and the United States as a result of sectionalism between the period 18161865.