The depression of the 1920s and 1930s affected the economic and social lives of rural families in South Carolina. Farmers had to pay most of the taxes, but they were the ones with the least amount of money. Farmers lost land because they couldn’t pay taxes. Collapse of agriculture due to crop destruction, low prices, and mortgage foreclosures led to mass exodus by both blacks and whites. By 1929, a quarter of a million South Carolinians, three fourths of them black, had moved out of the state looking for job opportunities. Black Carolinians went north, while whites moved south and west.This lesson examines Why South Carolinians experienced a decade of hard times before the stock market crash of 1929 and how the depression affected the economic and social lives of rural families in South Carolina.
Other Instructional Materials or Notes:
Computer for whole class instruction connected to a Smartboard or other projection device. Other activities could be made easier through computer technology.
• Interview worksheet
• Guest speakers ~ older members of the community sharing their lives during the 1920s and 1930s
• Photographs (see Primary Sources in resources) from South Carolina from the 1920s and 1930s
• Quotes taken from oral histories about life in the depression
• Oral History and Photograph Analysis sheet
• “1920s ~ Not Roaring in South Carolina” PowerPoint
• LCD Projector/Smartboard and computer
• Poster sheets with the guiding questions written on them
- 5-4 The student will demonstrate an understanding of American economic challenges in the 1920s and 1930s and world conflict in the 1940s.
- Along with the rest of the world, the United States experienced a boom-and-bust period during the 1920s and 1930s. In the United States, this situation led to significant government intervention to stimulate the economy. Other countries did not follow...
- 8-6 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of South Carolina in the nation in the early twentieth century.
- South Carolina’s response to national crises during the first half of the twentieth century brought it back into full participation in the national experience. To understand the state’s changed status, the student will utilize the knowledg...