Barbados is a coral island, which was already known to the Spanish by 1500. A Portuguese mariner named Pedro Campos landed on the island in 1536, but the first English colonist to land on the island was Captain Simon Gordon, in 1620. The island would not be claimed for the English crown until five years later, by Captain John Powell. Barbados began as a slave colony, but slavery in this English settlement began its existence completely by accident. The number of African slaves remained minimal, until the success of sugarcane cultivation caused the demand for field workers to drastically increase.
- This indicator was written to promote inquiry into the unique development of ethnic, political, and religious identities in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies.
- This indicator was developed to encourage inquiry into how the three British colonial regions developed in terms of their culture, economies, geography, and labor. The indicator was also developed to encourage inquiry into the unique story of the development of South Carolina.