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The Modjeska Monteith Simkins House built circa 1900, became the home of Modjeska Monteith Simkins (1899-1992) in 1932. Simkins was a leader in health reform for African Americans and an ardent supporter of equal rights. Simkins was also an activist in the fight for civil rights for African Americans in Columbia and South Carolina.
Beginning in the early 1930s, she helped lobby for a federal anti-lynching bill, protested police brutality in Columbia, and became a leader in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Simkins helped organize the state branch of the NAACP in South Carolina, served as state secretary, and worked on civil rights litigation.
Simkin's home at 2025 Marion Street in Columbia was used not only as her residence, but also as offices and meeting rooms, and as lodging for other civil rights leaders, includingThurgood Marshall who frequently stayed there as he was developing the ground work for the Briggs v. Elliot case.
The Collaborative for Community Trust purchased the Modjeska Monteith Simkins house and has established a center there dedicated to Simkins and her work.