#110 October Factoids

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October 1-31

Visit the Knowitall blog for helpful information on using Knowitall all through the month!


October Observances:

Archaeology Month - View our new Archaeology Collection!

Health Literacy Month - View our Knowitall Healthy Collection!

Hispanic Heritage Month continues through October 15. View our Hispanic Heritage Collection

National Bullying Prevention Month. View "Project Lead SC." Teenage girls face unique pressures every day. Between issues with bullying, body image, boys, friends and “frenemies,” life during that awkward transitional period can feel like it’s filled with challenges. Project Lead SC is a video series for young women that follows notable women in South Carolina to gather advice about what makes a successful leader. 


October 2, 1869 is the birthday of Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi. He was born in Porbandar, India. Gandhi was famous world-wide for his devout lifestyle, and for non-violent resistance, which ended British rule in India. (Periscope)

On October 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African American associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Serving until 1991, he was known for opposing discrimination, and the death penalty. Marshall also championed civil liberties and free speech. (Road Trip)


On October 3, 1935, Charles Moss "Charlie" Duke Jr. was born. He was one of the first twelve people to ever walk on the Moon as part of the historic Apollo 16 mission in 1972. (S.C. Hall Of Fame)


On October 5, 1959, Maya Lin was born. She is an American designer and artist who is known for her work in sculpture and land art. (Artopia)

7-13 Teen Read Week 

View the resources in the Libraries, Literature & Learning Collection and see what may be of interest to teens you know and love!

7-13 Fire Prevention Week

View these videos during Fire Prevention Week!

Fire and 911 Safety | Safety City

Fire Academy, Part 1 from Project Discovery

Fire Academy, Part 2 from Project Discovery

October 7, 1780: During the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution, the Battle of Kings Mountain took place. A thousand patriot militia men, known as the "Over The Mountain Men," surrounded and attacked the British troops and Loyalist soldiers, led by Major Patrick Ferguson. This battle would become a major victory and turn the tides for the patriots. (Southern Campaign Of The American Revolution)


International Day of the Girl

View these Series & Collections that place the spotlight on women who have made a difference!


Idella Bodie’s S.C. Women

James Otis Lecture 2015: Women’s Rights

Palmetto Voices

Project Lead SC

Science Splash

Women Civil Rights Timeline from Road Trip

Women’s History Month from Periscope



Women’s History Collection



Women Civil Rights & Equal Rights Advocates

Women Disability Rights Advocates

Women in Aviation

Women in Business

Women in Education

Women in Government & Public Administration

Women in Literature

Women in Media

Women in Medicine

Women in Sports

Women in Technology

Women in the Arts

Women in the Legal Profession


On October 11, 1852, George Watt Park was born. He was inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1988 for his successful business, George W Park Seed Company, Inc. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)

On October 11, 1918, Jerome Robbins was born. He is recipient of numerous awards including two Academy Awards, four Tony Awards, two Emmy Awards, Kennedy Center Honors, and the Screen Directors' Guild Award. (Artopia)


Columbus Day - U.S holiday that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus in the New World on October 12, 1492. (Periscope)


On October 13, 1933, Gayle O. Averyt was born. He was a leader in the development of the Republican Party in South Carolina and inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1998. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)


On October 16, 1888, Eugene O'Neill was born. This playwright revolutionized the American theater with his tragedies, setting the path for other influential playwrights. (Artopia)


October 17-25, 1944: During the Pacific Theater of World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf took place off the Phillippine Islands. 216 U.S. warships faced off against 64 Japanese ships, and resulted in the destruction of the Japanese navy. (South Carolinians In WW II)

Oct. 21-27 National Friends of Librarians Week

Visit our Libraries, Literature & Learning Collection!


On October 21, 1917, jazz great Dizzy Gillespie (born as John Birks Gillespie) was born in Cheraw, South Carolina. Known for his puffed cheeks and bent trumpet, he was a trumpet player, composer, band leader, and one of the founding fathers of modern jazz. (Carolina Stories)

On October 21, 1925, Celia Cruz was born. She won the Grammy Award for Best Tropical Latin Album in 1989 and was awarded the prestigious National Medal of Arts by President Bill Clinton in 1994. (Artopia)


On October 23, 1883, Archibald Rutledge was born. He was named South Carolina's first Poet Laureate and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. (S.C. Hall Of Fame)

24 United Nations Day

Celebrate United Nations Day with these resources from Periscope


On October 25, 1881, Pablo Picasso was born. He is said to have set the tone for all modern art in the 20th century. (Artopia)


On October 26, 1757, Charles Pinckney was born. He is one of the oldest and most historically distinguished names in South Carolina. (Forgotten Founder)


Make a Difference Day -  A day dedicated to making a difference in someone else's life. Check our Career Education page to see the various ways you can make a difference!


Halloween - Explore ghosts, legends and lore from South Carolina's past in our Ghosts & Legends of South Carolina series!



These factoids were compiled by Imani-Grace King, 2017 ETV Endowment Intern.

Updated by Andrew Davis, Media Production Assistant, 2018. (Digital Media/Knowitall)