#108 August Factoids

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August 1-31

Visit the Knowitall blog for helpful information on using Knowitall all through the month!



On August 1, 1894 Benjamin Mays was born. He was a minister, educator, scholar and social activist. He was known as the "The Father of the Civil Rights Movement" (Road Trip)


On August 3, 1492, Christopher Columbus set sail with the three ships Nina, Pinta, and Santa Mariafrom Palos, Spain. Columbus sought a route to the far east, but instead landed in the Bahamas on October 12. (South Carolina Focus)


On August 4, 1901 Louis Armstrong was born. Armstrong is recognized as one of the world's greatest jazz coronet and trumpet players. (Artopia)


On August 6, 1945, during World War II, the first atomic bomb (named "Little Boy") was dropped by the B-29 bomber "Enola Gay", on the city of Hiroshima, Japan. A few days later on August 9, a second atomic bomb (named "Fat Man") was dropped by B-29 bomber "Bockscar" over the city of Nagasaki. The dropping of the atomic bombs was the main cause for Japan's surrender, and the end of the second world war. (South Carolinians In WWII)


August 9 is Book Lovers Day, an unofficial holiday that encourages people to pick up a book (or two) and spend the day reading. Be sure to visit our Libraries, Literature and Learning Collection for more information!



International Youth Day seeks to raise awareness to the cultural and legal issues faced by youth throughout the world. The United Nations defines youth as people between the ages of 15 and 24 years. In 1995, the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) adopted the World Programme of Action for Youth, focusing on 15 priority areas including education, employment, hunger and poverty,health, environment and drug abuse. Since its inception on August 12, 2000, International Youth Day has served to increase the quality and quantity of opportunities available to the youth.


On August 16, 1780 General Horatio Gates' army joined by militia men from North Carolina and Virginia, marched south toward the British outpost in Camden, South Carolina. This battle become known as the Battle of Camden. (Southern Campaign Of The American Revolution)


On August 17, 1922 Fredrick Bailey Dent was born. He was inducted to South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1994. He was among the founders of Spartanburg Day School and is a life trustee emeritus. (Legacy Of Leadership Interview)



National Aviation Day commemorates the development of aviation all while seeking to promote and support the industry.  In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed that National Aviation Day would be observed annually on August 19, the birthday of Orville Wright.




World Humanitarian Day seeks to recognize the compassion and bravery of humanitarian workers. Designated by the United Nations in December of 2008 to honor the sacrifices of humanitarian workers, it is celebrated annually on August 19, a day that commemorates the 2003 bombing of the UN Headquarters in Iraq.

Caring People & Professions include:

Health Care

Other Caring Professions


Character Minutes

One-minute clips focus on positive character traits—a fine way to build up-and-coming humanitarians!


Also, see our Environmental Awareness Collection to find ways to show that you care about the Earth and its inhabitants! And while we’re on this topic, don’t miss our Animal Lovers Collection!

Environmental Awareness Collection

Series include:


Animal Lovers Collection

Series include:



On August 20, 1935 Martha Rivers Ingram was born. She is the first living woman and first daughter of a laureate to be inducted into South Carolina Business Hall of Fame. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)


On August 21, 1937 Edwin Craig Wall Jr. was born. He was the respected as one of the most successful business leaders in South Carolina. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)


On August 26 women celebrate the 19th amendment, which was passed in 1920. View our collections that celebrate the accomplishments of women leaders - past and present! View the blog!


On August 28, 1963, The March on Washington occurred. As many as 250,000 people attended this famous civil rights rally in Washington, D.C. It was here where Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his famous "I Have A Dream" speech. (Periscope)


At 9:45 p.m on August 31, 1886, a major earthquake hit Charleston, South Carolina. 27 people were killed in the collapse of buildings and another 33 died later of injuries. View our collections on the natural disaster:



These factoids were compiled by Imani-Grace King, 2017 ETV Endowment Intern (Digital Media/Knowitall)