#107 July Factoids

July
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Dates below are from the July 2017 calendar.*

These factoids were compiled by Imani-Grace King, 2017 ETV Endowment Intern (Digital Media/Knowitall) 

Revised by Andrew Davis, Media Production Assistant, 2018 (Digital Media/Knowitall)

July 1-31

Visit the Knowitall blog for helpful information on using Knowitall all through the month!

 

1

Elizabeth Dinndorf was appointed the 18th president of Columbia college on July 1, 2012. She is an advocate for education and women's leadership. (Project Lead SC)

Canada Day is July 1! (Resources that reference Canada)

July 1-3, 1863: On this day, during the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg began. Gettysburg would be the largest battle of the Civil War, resulting between 46,000 and 51,000 casualties. Gettysburg was a Union victory, and would be cemented in U.S. history as the turning point of the Civil War. (Walter Edgar's Journal)

2

On July 2, 1908, Thurgood Marshall (the first African American on the U.S. Supreme Court), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson, Marshall began his 24 year career on the Supreme Court in 1967. (Road Trip)

4

Independence Day - A day Americans commemorate the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. View our galleries of historical documents that set the foundation for the United States:

Wars & Conflicts Collection

6

On July 6, 1907 painter, Frida Kahlo was born. She used her art to vividly and faithfully record parts of her life. (Artopia)

On July 6, 1917 David Sloan Lewis was born. He was the recipient of many honors for his work in aviation, aeronautics, and astronautics. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)

7

On July 7, 1887 influential artist, Marc Chagall was born. He is best known for his colorful lithographs, book illustrations, paintings and stained glass windows for Roman-Catholic cathedrals. (Artopia)

10

July 10, 1943: During World War II, the Allied invasion of Italy began, with an attack on the island of Sicily. The British entry into Syracuse was the first Allied success in Europe. General Dwight D. Eisenhower labeled the invasion "the first page in the liberation of the European Continent." (South Carolinians In WW II)

On July 10, 2015 the Confederate flag was removed from the grounds of the S.C. State House. View our Collection, SC Confederate Flag, to learn more about the removal of the flag.

12

On July 12, 1780 the Patriot militia, led by Colonel Bratton, defeated the British Legion. This battle became known as the "Battle at Williamson's Plantation" or "Huck's defeat" (Southern Campaign Of The American Revolution)

14

On July 14, 1912 famous musician, Woody Guthrie, was born. He is the father of the social protest song, and is most well known for the song "This Land Is Your Land." (Artopia)

15

On July 15, 1936 Charles J. Bradshaw was born. He has been inducted into South Carolina Business Hall of Fame. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)

National Ice Cream Day -  Ice Cream | Eye Wonder

16

On July 16, 1911 dancer, Ginger Rogers was born. She and her dancing partner, Fred Astaire, created a dancing style that wove together movements from vaudeville, ballroom, tap, soft shoe and ballet. (Artopia)

18

July 18, 1863: The Second Battle of Fort Wagner took place during the American Civil War. Battery Wagner was located on Morris Island, in Charleston, S.C. This battle would immortalize the Massachusetts 54th Infantry: the first African-American regiment formed in the Union, commanded by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw. The regiment suffered heavy casualties during the assault on the fort. The movie "Glory" tells the story of this famed regiment. (Walter Edgar's Journal). 

On July 18 1936 South Carolina Business Hall of Famer Jerome J. Richardson was born. He is a former NFL player and the founder and principal owner of Carolina Panthers. (Legacy Of Leadership Profile)

20

Nam June Paik was born on July 20, 1932 in Seoul, Korea. Throughout his career, Paik has found inspiration in working with some of the most innovative musicians, artists, poets, dancers, and technicians of his day.

22

July 22, 1934: Infamous American bank robber John Dillinger, labeled by the FBI as "Public Enemy #1", was killed outside of a movie theater in an FBI sting operation by agent Melvin Purvis. In 1933, after Dillinger spent nine years in prison, he went on a deadly crime spree, robbing banks throughout the states of Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa. (Carolina Stories)

24

July 24, 1897: American aviator Amelia Earhart was born in Atchison, Kansas. In 1928, she became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, and in 1931, she broke the men's and women's altitude record, flying at 18,415 feet above ground. Earhart disappeared under mysterious circumstances on July 2, 1937, at 39 years old. (Periscope)

28

On July 28, 1915 South Carolinian scientist, Charles H. Townes was born. He is the only person other than Dalai Lama and Mother Teresa to win both a Templeton Prize and a Nobel Prize. (S.C. Hall of Fame)

30

International Day of Friendship 

Stories related to families, feelings and friendship from Scholastic Children's Stories

A group of nine African American young men who were sent to jail after staging a sit-in at a segregated McCrory's lunch counter in Rock Hill, South Carolina in 1961.

Documentary pays tribute to the “Friendship Nine,” a group of college students who were arrested for a lunch counter sit-in in Rock Hill, SC in 1961. Instead of paying bail (as was the norm with all previous sit-ins), they served 30 days of hard labor, making the city pay to house, feed & clothe them, thus turning the tables & drying up a dubious revenue stream. This movement caught on nationally, changing the entire sit-in strategy. The program was the centerpiece of 50th anniversary events, and still has legs today. It included extensive television, educational and community outreach initiatives.