Spartanburg County was founded in 1785 and lies near the Blue Ridge Mountains. Both the county and its seat are named in honor of the Spartan Regiment, a local militia who served the Americans in the Revolutionary War. Notable residents include general William Westmoreland and hymn writer William Walker.

The county was principally settled by Scotch-Irish and other Europeans who moved to the area from Pennsylvania and Virginia in the late 18th century. Historically, the economy relied on small cotton farms, cattle raising, and the Lowcountry tourists that visited the area’s mineral springs. After the Civil War, the region’s economy transitioned to textile manufacturing. Today, Spartanburg County has become an industrial hub. In fact, “the New York Times reports Spartanburg as having the highest per capita international investment in the nation.”

SOURCE: Economic Futures Group. Accessed June 10, 2016. 

 

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Olin D. Johnston | History of SC Slide Collection
Olin D. Johnston | History of SC Slide Collection

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Born near Honea Path in Anderson County, Olin D. Johnston (1896-1965) attended local schools, the Textile Industry Institute at Spartanburg, and Wofford College. While in school, Johnston worked in...
James H. Carlisle | History of SC Slide Collection
James H. Carlisle | History of SC Slide Collection

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James H. Carlisle (1825-1909), president of Wofford College from 1850-1904, was responsible for the emergence of this Methodist school as an outstanding liberal arts college by the late 19th century...
The Regulators | Palmetto Special
The Regulators | Palmetto Special

Video

In this section, the "Palmetto Special" leaves Columbia and travels to Spartanburg County. At the beginning of the program the Fall Line is defined, along with an introduction to the backcountry, the...
Rosa & Winton Eugene Photos | Digital Traditions
Rosa & Winton Eugene Photos | Digital Traditions

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Eugene Pottery, Cowpens, Cherokee County. Interview recorded June 2007 as the Folklife Resource Center continues to document pottery traditions in South Carolina. Winton Eugene is a self-taught potter...