Richland | SC Counties

Richland County lies in the South Carolina midlands. Its county seat, Columbia, also serves as the state capital.

Richland County lies in the South Carolina midlands. Its county seat, Columbia, also serves as the state capital.

The county was founded in 1785 within the Camden District, and its name most likely refers to the “rich land” of the county. In 1791, Richland County became smaller when land previously belonging to this county was added to Kershaw County.

During the Civil War, Sherman entered Richland County and occupied Columbia before setting it on fire.

Since its founding, Columbia has served as an economic hub for the state, especially in terms of trade and manufacturing. The county is home to Fort Jackson, Congaree National Park, and multiple lakes and rivers. Notable county residents include Senator Wade Hampton and President Woodrow Wilson.

 

SOURCES: About Richland County

Modjeska Monteith Simkins | Carolina Snaps
Modjeska Monteith Simkins | Carolina Snaps

Video

Modjeska Monteith Simkins is known as the "matriarch of civil rights activists" in South Carolina. Born in Columbia in 1899, Simkins spent her adult life fighting for equality and advocating for human...
Congaree National Park | Carolina Snaps
Congaree National Park | Carolina Snaps

Video

Known for its giant hardwoods and towering pines, Congaree National Park is home to a floodplain forest that includes one of the highest canopies in the world.
City of Columbia Video Questions | From The Sky
City of Columbia Video Questions | From The Sky

Document

Keep your students engaged while watching the City of Columbia From the Sky video with these video questions. Students are also asked to find two additional facts about the City of Columbia!