Part of the Pee Dee region of South Carolina, Darlington County got its start when Welsh Baptists settled in the area and began to farm indigo, flax  and other crops along the Welsh Neck of the Pee Dee River. These early settlers resulted in a strong Baptist presence, and the first non-Baptist place of worship did not exist in Darlington County until the late 18th century.

 Initially part of the Cheraws District, Darlington became its own district in 1789. In 1868, Darlington District became Darlington County, but in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the county lost about third of its size to the creation of Florence and Lee counties.  Darlington serves as the county seat. Though no one is certain on the reason for the name Darlington, it is thought to be a reference to Darlington, England.

Historically, cotton farming and railroads contributed most to the county’s economy. Agriculture has remained important in Darlington County, although cotton farming has given way to the farming of other crops, such as tobacco. The county is principally known for Darlington Raceway, which is an important venue for stock car racing.

County History. Accessed June 02, 2016. http://www.darcosc.com/residents/county_history.php

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